What is a Property Deed?

two people signing a contract

Understanding property deeds is crucial for anyone involved in real estate transactions. Read on and reach out to our seasoned Florida real estate and title insurance attorneys to learn more about what a property deed is, the types available, and why they are important in real estate law. Here are some of the questions you may have:

What Is a Property Deed in the Context of Real Estate?

A property deed is a legal document used to transfer ownership of real property. It must be written, signed, and delivered to the buyer during the transaction. Notarization is a requirement in Florida to validate the deed.

Why Are There Different Types of Deeds?

Deeds vary based on the level of protection they offer to the buyer. Florida recognizes several types, each serving distinct purposes and providing varying degrees of warranty.

  • Warranty Deed: This type is the most comprehensive. It guarantees that the seller holds clear title to the property. The seller, in this deed, is legally bound to defend the title against all claims.
  • Special Warranty Deed: Less comprehensive than warranty deeds, this type only covers the period during which the seller owned the property. It is commonly used in commercial real estate transactions.
  • Quitclaim Deed: Offering the least protection, quitclaim deeds transfer only the interest the seller has at the time of the transfer. They are often used between family members or to clear title defects.

What Legal Protections Do Deeds Provide in Florida?

In Florida, statutes like Chapter 689 of the Florida Statutes govern the creation and execution of deeds. The law requires clear language that indicates the grantor’s intention to convey the property and identifies the grantee. Moreover, it must describe the property sufficiently to identify it.

The state also mandates that deeds be recorded in the county where the property is located. Recording the deed provides constructive notice to the public of the ownership change, which is crucial for the protection of the grantee’s interests. After signing, the deed must be delivered to and accepted by the grantee, as the act of delivery and acceptance finalizes the transfer of ownership.

Why Is It Important to Have a Professional Review Your Property Deed?

The complexities involved in real estate transactions make it advisable to hire a knowledgeable attorney. A lawyer can verify the deed’s compliance with local laws, potentially saving you from future legal troubles. Your attorney will also ensure the deed correctly describes the property, includes necessary clauses, and meets state recording requirements.

For example, Florida’s Marketable Record Title Act (Florida Statute 712) simplifies the property deed process but requires specific understanding to leverage effectively.

Ultimately, consulting a real estate lawyer ensures that the property deed accurately reflects the agreement between buyer and seller, adheres to legal standards, and protects your interests.

If you have further questions or wish to speak with a skilled real estate lawyer in Florida, contact Ansbacher Law today.